Designers, Manufacturers and Suppliers to the pest control, washroom & hospitality sectors since 1984


You can find the answer to most queries by checking the specification sheets for products on the product pages of this website. On this page we will be adding product questions as well as other information that we hope may be of interest.

Click on the answer buttons below for further details or simply scroll down this screen

Question: IP rating - What does it mean and do you have a chart that lists categories?


Answer


Question: How do electronic ballast fly killers save money?


Answer


Question: What does the lamp terminology “T5, T8 and T12” mean?


Answer


Pest Control Questions

Pest Control Question & Answer

Question: Common reasons why a fly killer might appear to be not working?


Answer


Question: When to use a Cluster Box?


Answer


Fly Killer questions

Lamp questions

Question: What do the various letters and numbers concerning lamps mean?


Answer


Question: What is “lamp waving”?


Answer


Question: Is the coverage area of a fly killer machine an absolute certainty and does suspending or wall mounting make a difference?


Answer


Answer: Lamp waving is simply gas distribution inside the lamp settling out evenly

Top

Sometimes when a lamp is inserted and switched on for the first time a curious spiraling or strobing effect may be seen for up to approximately five minutes. This is caused by the gas inside expanding and settling evenly throughout the lamp and is not an issue unless it continues for longer periods.


This effect can be either produced during manufacture whereby the gas in a lamp might be initially settle denser at one end or it can occur in very cold temperatures


i.e. stored in a van overnight in winter then put into a cold fly killer unit in a cold warehouse can lead to the lamp gas being initially denser in places however it will settle down after a short while.


T65

T35

T160

T100

Nano H30

Answer: Cluster fly infestation

Top

Cluster flies are a common species that are also known as attic flies because of their seasonal habit of clustering together in vast numbers in roof spaces and cavities of peoples’ houses and other buildings.


They tend to favour the south facing wall of a building - that receiving the most sunlight through the day. It has also been observed that once they have found a nice place to hibernate - they will revisit the same place from one generation to the next whilst ignoring adjacent properties.


Their life cycle revolves around earthworms in the ground which their larvae feed on.

Because they are seasonal they can be a nuisance in the spring and autumn although warm winter days can wake them up and make them active.


They can be recognised by lines / stripes behind the head, short gold coloured hairs on the thorax and irregular light / dark patches on the abdomen.

The following fly killers are all able to utilise the cluster box and further information about them can be found on the electric grid fly killers page:

Because of their huge numbers it is usually preferred to use an electric grid fly killer with a cluster box. These flies adore UV light and will hit the grid in large numbers.


This means that the cluster box will have to be inspected daily to ensure it does not overfill.


We provide safety labels with our cluster boxes to remind people.

(See “Trays, Brackets etc” page)

Cluster box on the Nano H30 and T35 machines

The coverage given from any fly killer is dependent on many variables.


For example:


Is the machine wall mounted or suspended? Is there a clear field of view or are there structural

or temporary obstructions? Is it in a dark area or is it near sunlight? Near a window or is it elsewhere?

Time of day / night? Are the lamps new or 6 months old? And so forth…


So naturally the lamps will shine brighter in a darkened area or at night whilst the effect will be lessened in direct sunlight. And this affects the limits of the outer range and the effectiveness at which the lamps will be able to draw the flies in from distance.

Answer: the area within which flying insects may be attracted to a fly killer is variable

Top

Given there are so many interacting environment, location and component variables, the experience and expertise of the pest control professional is critical to assess the location, lighting, how many and what type of machines should be installed and where to put them.


Of greater importance when choosing a fly killer is the design to suit the situation with manufacturer’s fly killer models on the market in a wide array covering for just about every scenario. At Bower we think long and hard regarding “just about every scenario” to see if there is room for improvement and welcome the contribution of the pest controller by way of feedback and comment.


For optimum performance the fly killer, providing it is a model that can work 360 degrees is best suspended in the middle of the area, ensuring there are no obstructions in the way i.e. cabinets etc. However care must be taken that it cannot be hit by people on fork lift trucks etc. If wall mounting the fly killer, the coverage is less and it may be reduced by 30-50%.


The lamps, which do the attracting, must be changed at least once a year, normally at the beginning of fly season. Over a year, lamps will gradually reduce in their effectiveness by up to 50%. In some cases two changes may be required.


As a general example here is a sample selection of models taken from our own range of fly killers:

Glue Board Models

Glue Board Models

Electric Grid Models

#T95IPx #Lanternx

Lantern

up to 100 m2

T95 IPX5

up to 180 m2

Vulcan IP65

up to 110 m2

Glu60

up to 60 m2

#VulcanIP65sheet #Glu60sheet

Ultra

DISCREET

Electric Grid Models

Fly Shield 2

up to 180 m2

Fly Shield Solo

up to 90 m2

Fly Shield 1

up to 90 m2

X-Fly 1

up to 70 m2

X-Fly 2

up to 140 m2

Wall Fly

up to 90 m2

Vanquish

up to 360 m2

#Xfly1sheet #Xfly2sheet #WallFlysheet #Vanquishsheet Suspended Wall mounted #nanoH30x #nanoH72x #T35x #T50x #T65x #T95IPx #T160x #T100x #Compactcirclinex #Lanternx #Compact15x #Compact30x #Compactmaxix #Compact66x

Compact 30

up to 60 m2

T160

up to 240 m2

Nano H72

up to 250 m2

Compact Maxi

up to 280 m2

T35

up to 55 m2

Compact 66

up to 130 m2

T50

up to 60 m2

Compact Circline

up to 80 m2

T65

up to 130 m2

Compact  15

up to 40 m2

Nano H30

up to 140 m2

T100

up to 180 m2

Lantern

up to 100 m2

T95 IPX5

up to 180 m2

Lantern can be suspended only

Glue Board Models

Fly Shield 4

up to 360 m2

Fly Shield 4 can be suspended only

Fusion 2

up to 100 m2

Fusion4

up to 280 m2

Nano G20

up to 40 m2

Nano G30

up to 100 m2

Nano G72

up to 170 m2

#FlyShieldFoursheet #Fusion2sheet #Fusion4sheet #NanoG20sheet #NanoG30sheet #NanoG72sheet

Fly Check

up to 100 m2

Glu90

up to 180 m2

#Flychecksheet #Glu90sheet

Many of the fly killers produced by Bower Products feature “tools free” servicing which, for the professional pest controller, makes changing the lamps, cleaning the machine, changing glue boards etc very easy and cost effective as a time saver by alleviating the need for spanners, wrenches and screwdrivers etc.

Answer: Tools free provides the option of speed and convenience

Top

Vanquish open for maintenance

Tools-free servicing

The Advantages

Nano H30 “lift and lock” front guard open for lamp change

Nano G72 and G20 showing simple glue board replacement

Tools free easy access with the Vulcan IP65

No problem when servicing the Nano G20 and H30 machines

Easy Access Opening / Lift and Lock Front Guard


These features allow for the front guard to be easily opened without need for screwdrivers. Once lifted up it either simply locks in a horizontal position or in some cases, may be removed altogether. This allows for uninterrupted maintenance whilst replacing lamps, glue boards, starters and cleaning of grid etc.

Spring-loaded High Voltage Grid


Allows for the electric fly killer high tension grid to be easily removed for cleaning or replacement of parts etc without the need for spanners of varied sizes and shapes. Simply pull gently down on the grid and it will detach but remember of course, to ensure the machine is not plugged in and switched on!

High Voltage Grid Thumb Screws


As with the spring-loaded feature - this tools free option available on some of our high tension electric grid machines allows for easy removal of the grid without the need to remember to bring an assortment of wrenches, spanners, screwdriver kits. Again we remind to take care to ensure the power is first disconnected!

Answer: Yes, here are the “tools free” charts listing all relevant electric grid & glue board machines

Top

Electric Grid Fly Killer

Press Catch to Open Front Guard

Lift and Remove Front Guard

Lift and Lock Front Guard

Spring-loaded High Voltage Grid

Thumb Screw High Voltage Grid

Nano H30



X

X


Nano H72



X

X


T35

X

X



X

T50

X

X



X

T65

X

X



X

T95 IPX5





X

T100

X

X



X

T160




X


Glue Board Fly Killer

Press Button to Open Front Guard

Lift & Swing to Open  Front Guard

Lift and Remove Front Guard

Lift and Lock Front Guard

Slimline Glue Board Side Access Panel (Lift and Remove )

Fly Shield 1 *






Fly Shield 2 *






Fly Shield 4 *






Fly Shield Solo *






Fusion 2



X


X

Fusion 4



X


X

Fly Check


X




GLU 90 *






Nano G20




X


Nano G30




X


Nano G72




X


Vanquish *






X-Fly 1 *






X-Fly 2 *






Vulcan 2

X



X


Vulcan 3

X



X


Vulcan IP65

X



X


Wall Fly *






Tools free facilities can be found on selected products and they vary depending on the model type i.e. a common feature is quick easy opening for cleaning and grid / glue board / lamp removal etc. Both tables below show which features are available on our electric grid or glue board fly killer ranges.

#nanoH30x #nanoH72x #T35x #T50x #T95IPx #T65x #T160x #T100x

T160

Nano H72

T35

T50

T65

Nano H30

T100

T95 IPX5

Electric Grid machines

* Please note: glue board machines marked with an asterisk do not require any tools free features because they are readily accessible to the pest control professional.

Fly Shield 2

Vanquish

Fly Shield 4

X-Fly 1

Glu90

Fly Shield Solo

X-Fly 2

Nano G20

Fusion 2

Nano G30

Fusion 4

Nano G72

Fly Shield 1

#Fusion2sheet #Fusion4sheet #Glu90sheet #NanoG20sheet #NanoG30sheet #NanoG72sheet

Vulcan 2

Vulcan 3

Vulcan IP65

Wall Fly

#Topofgluemachinepage #Vanquishsheet #Xfly1sheet #Xfly2sheet #Vulcan2sheet

Glue Board machines

Protection against solid objects

FIRST NUMBER

Protection against liquids

SECOND NUMBER

First IP Number

Description / Test

Second IP Number

Description / Test

0

No protection

0

No protection

1


Protection against solid objects over 50 mm, e.g. accidental touch by hands


1

Protected against vertically falling drops of water

2


Protected against solid objects over 12 mm, e.g. fingers


2

Protected against direct sprays of water up to 15 degrees from the vertical

3


Protected against solid objects over 2.5 mm, e.g. tools & wires


3

Protected against sprays to 60 degrees from the vertical

4


Protected against solid objects over 1 mm, e.g. tools, wires and small wires


4

Protected against water sprayed from all directions - limited ingress permitted

5


Protected against dust - limited ingress (no harmful deposit)


5

Protected against low pressure jets of water from all directions - limited ingress permitted

6

Totally protected against

6


Protected against strong jets of water, e.g. for use on ship decks - limited ingress permitted


n/a

n/a

7


Protected against the effects of temporary immersion between

15 cm and 1 m.

Duration of test 30 minutes.


n/a

n/a

8


Protected against long periods of immersion under pressure.


In order to run the lamps in a fly killer, a ‘ballast’ or lighting gear is required. This makes sure the lamps are fed the right amount of power so as they neither blow prematurely (if overpowered) nor fail to light (if under powered).


Typically, lighting circuits have used ‘iron’ ballasts which are energy inefficient. New electronic ballasts are far more efficient - which saves you not only energy, but also money!


The Vulcan 3 for example, is fitted with 3 x 15W lamps and the total draw is only 55W compared to a comparable iron ballast unit which draws 75W. The draw figures very important financially as it determines how much electricity the unit us using.


This makes the Vulcan 3 almost a third cheaper to run than a comparable 3-lamp unit using conventional ballasts.


In monetary terms based on 2011-12 figures that would have been an approximate saving of £1,752 per year per 100 typical fly killers (based on one unit of electricity being 10p).

Answer: Efficiency savings

Top

Answer: T5, T8 and T12 lamps = lamp width

Top

Straight lamps are sometimes also referred according to their diameter which is measured in eighths of an inch. The “T” simply means “tubular” - the shape of the lamp - and the number that follows gives the diameter in eighths of an inch.


The T12 for example is 12 eighths of an inch or 1.5 inches (3.81cm) in diameter whilst the T8 is 8 eighths of an inch or 1 inch (2.54cm). See table illustrations below and right.

IP stands for “Ingress Protection” and is basically a measure as to how resistant an item is to both solid objects (such as dust) and liquids (such as water).


The IP number is comprised of TWO individual numbers. The first number refers to its resistance to solid objects whilst the second number refers to its resistance to liquids. The higher the number, the more resistant it is.


IP ratings are commonly referred to in washroom situations but it is also used for other products such as fly killers which may be used in areas which are being frequently washed down with hoses. (See chart below for number / description)

Answer: IP rating / categories


Top

The 15w 18in T8 is probably fitted in excess of 60% of today's fly killers.  


For proven reliability the key components that have been used in the manufacture of Hi-Blue lamps have been used in the lighting industry for many years.


Its unique phosphor emits an attractive luminescent blue light.


#HiBLUEcode

Bower Products has teamed up with one of Europe's major manufacturers in order to develop an effective low cost HI-BLUE 15w 18in T8 lamp available at a competitive price. Possibly the most competitive volume lamp in today's market. Standard and shatter resistant versions are available.


Answer: Lamp naming conventions

Top

Generally the following are usual terms and manufacturers may vary (see below).

Bower Products has its’ own lamp naming conventions to identify each lamp type and status i.e. “standard|” or “shatter resistant” etc as follows:


i.e. LC22WS-W means it is a BL368 light / 22 watt / Circline type / shatter resisatnt / Wemlite lamp

Code letters / numbers

Meaning

BL

Black Light i.e. UV lamps

368

368nm (nanometres) which is a light frequency used to attract insects

F

Fluorescent lamp

30

Rated nominal wattage i.e. 30 watts

T8

1 inch diameter tubular lamp (see “T5, T8 and T12 lamps”)

SP

“Shatter proof” that is to say, shatter resistant

Code letters / numbers

Meaning

LC

Circline (lamp shape)

LS

Straight (lamp shape)

LL

Lynx (lamp shape)

LT

Tight “U” (lamp shape)

22

Lamp wattage i.e. 22 watts

W

BL368 lamp (black light 368 commonly used in fly killers)

Q

Quantum lamp

F

Philips far east lamp

B

BLB lamp (black light blue)

S

Shatter resistant (status)

X

Standard (non shatter resistant status)

H

Hi-BLUE (brand)

O

Osram (brand)

P

Philips (brand)

S

Sylvania (brand)

W

Wemlite (brand)

The table represents last known standards & guidelines however these may be subject to change from time to time by governing bodies so please do check with a qualified electrician / technician for further confirmation

Home

Pest Control

Washroom

Hospitality

About Us

Contact / News

Members

Head Office: Bower Products, Unit 31 Abbey Industrial Estate, Woodside End, Wembley, Middlesex HA0 1ZD

Tel. +44 (0) 20 8903 0983 - Fax +44 (0) 20 8903 1592 - Email sales@bower.co.uk

Answer: Check lamps & starters

Top

Most of the time an electric fly killer is not working is simply because the lamps and starters  need to be replaced. The lamps should be replaced once a year whilst starters could be replaced after lamps have been replaced several times depending on how much use they get i.e. if the fly killer is frequently switched on / off.


If a fly killer has more than one lamp then a “series starter” is used (hint: though a standard starter is ok for single lamp machines you could always fit a series starter for all machines to save confusion).

#starter #topoflamppage

Here are some simple things you can check:



1. Check whether the lamp(s) is still functioning by swapping with a lamp that is known to be in working order.


It is worth noting that fly killers with more than one lamp MAY HAVE EACH OF THOSE LAMPS RUNNING IN ‘SERIES’ WHICH MEANS IF ONE LAMP FAILS OR IS FAULTY THEN BOTH LAMPS WILL NOT LIGHT UP and so one or more of the lamps will have to be replaced with a known working lamp to find if this is the cause.

2. Replace the starter to check whether it is still in working order and make sure it is a series starter if more than one lamp is fitted.


3. Check the lamps in use are the correct wattage for the machine being checked


i.e. the ‘T5’ 8 watt and 15 watt lamps are the same size but various manufacturers models machine might only work with one of them.

Question: What is “Tools Free” servicing?


Answer


Question: Do you have “Tools Free” charts showing the features available for electric grid and glue board machines?


Answer


Fly Shield Solo PLUS

up to 90 m2

#FlyShieldTwosheet #FlyShieldOnesheet

Fly Shield Solo PLUS

#FlyShieldTwosheet #FlyShieldFoursheet #FlyShieldOnesheet #Flychecksheet

Fly Check